Antidepressants are medicines that are formulated to treat conditions such as depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, chronic pain, postpartum stress, dysthymia and eating disorders. They can either be used alone or can be combined with other medications targeted for a specific situation. However, if you wondering whether they really help with any condition or they are just marketing gimmicks used by the medical industry to sell their drugs, read this article to know the advantages and disadvantages of taking anti-depressants.
The main classes of antidepressants include serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), reversible monoamine oxidase A inhibitors (rMAO-A inhibitors)noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant (NaSSAs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and tetracyclic antidepressants (TeCAs). Different medications work for different people and you have a trial period to see which ones work for you and which ones don’t. This should only be done under the guidance of a trained professional.
Benefits of taking anti-depressants
Anti-depressants have improved the lives of many people over the years. These medications help you to handle a majority of critical and urgent situations which you would not be able to do without the soothing effect produced by anti-depressants. Clinical studies show that anti-depressants resulting in significant improvement in depression recovery and quality of life. People also reported that there were less nervous in difficult life events and had fewer negative thoughts. They feel less impulsive and more balanced.
Disadvantages of taking anti-depressants
There is no denying the fact that these anti-depressants do come with their share of side effects. Although the positive results outweigh their negative effects you should always note the side effects resulting from taking anti-depressants. Different anti-depressants have a different set of side effects and the most common ones are:
- Drowsiness and weight gain
- Increase in suicidal thoughts
- Dry mouth
- Sexual side effects – lowered libido and losing interest in sex
- Physical agitation
Although these symptoms have been reported by some people, most side effects disappeared after a week of starting the medicine. If these symptoms are persistent in nature, it is better to consult a doctor. A doctor can do a lot to minimize the side effects, such as adjusting the dose or prescribing other similar medications.
Moreover, these medicines also help people sleep better and result in rested body and mind. Some people also reported having higher concentration levels. In addition, these drugs are used to treat panic attacks and general anxiety in people. However, research states that antidepressants are very effective for people with severe depression and people who have mild to moderate depression are better off without them. Anti-depressants were found to be effective in 70 % of people afflicted with severe depression. If necessary, you can also take Xanax, an anti-depressant which is used as a first-line of depression treatment. It usually takes 6-8 weeks for the first dose of the medicine to shows its effects on people. These pills, in addition to providing a relaxing effect, also increase the energy levels of a person and help them to be active throughout the day.